Engineering approach

In the literature there are documented differences between engineering and natural science or as stated by Braha and Maimon (1997):

There is a distinction between engineering science (the “science of the artificial,” as Simon called it) and natural science (e.g., physics, chemistry, and biology) that can be expressed in a variety of ways. First, the aims and methodology of natural science and engineering differ, that is, natural science is concerned with “analysis” and engineering with “synthesis.” Second, natural science is “theory-oriented” while engineering is “result-oriented,” and third, the engineering activity is creative, spontaneous, and intuitive, while science is rational.              (Braha and Maimon, 1997)

We can summarize these differences as:

Natural Science Engineering Science
Aim & methodology Analysis Synthesis
Orientation Theory Results
Activity Rational Creative, spontaneous, and intuitive